Last edited: 6 August 2019
Over 30,000 parabolic solar cookers distributed in Indonesia with CDM funding to reduce kerosene consumption - Jakarta, Indonesia officials plan (2007) to reduce kerosene consumption by distributing 30,000 parabolic solar cookers as part of a Clean Development Mechanism project, according to a recent Jakarta Post article. The pilot phase of the project will take place in Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Islands) regency, where sunshine is plentiful. “Jakarta consumes about 2.7 million liters of kerosene a day. A family using one liter of kerosene per day emits two tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year.” Kerosene is available to consumers at a state-subsidized price of Rp. 2,000 per liter (about $0.22). “The solar cookers will be provided for free by German company EnerXi GMbh to support the city’s attempts to take part in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project.” Solar Cookers Sent to Islands to Cut Kerosene - The Jakarta Post
Events[edit | edit source]
- 30 March - 1 April 2021 (Jakarta): 7th SOLARTECH Indonesia - (Rescheduled from 26-28 August 2020) to be held at JIExpo Kemayoran Jakarta. More information...
Online events[edit source]
- NEW: Monday, 2 November 2020 (7-9 p.m. EST, 11 p.m.-1 a.m. GMT): D.A.R.E to Solar Cook - The Physics of Cooking with Sunshine - The Carnegie Science Center is sponsoring a Café Scientifique. Solar advocates Mary Buchenic and Jennifer Gasser will share their experiences promoting the solar cooking STEM curriculum, and Dr. Alan Bigelow, SCI Science Director, will discuss the technical details of solar cooking and incorporating the science of materials and light optics. Participation in the event is free, but pre-registration is required. Registration information
- NEW: 3-6 November 2020: The 5th International Conference on New Energy and Future Energy Systems - A scientific interchange among researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners from around the world. They gather to share their latest achievements, and discuss the possible challenges for current energy and future energy systems. More information...
- NEW: 23 - 27 November 2020: 1er. Congreso Nacional de Secado Solar y Cocción Solar de Alimentos - Presentación en línea de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), en español. Contacto: firstname.lastname@example.org
- December 2020: SWC50 – The Century of Solar - In 1970 solar research pioneers met at the first International Solar Energy Society (ISES) Conference in Melbourne Australia. ISES is commemorating this Conference with a special 50th Anniversary Conference and Display, called the Solar World Congress at 50 (SWC50). The face-to-face conference, originally scheduled for 2-4 December 2020, will be replaced by a series of eight virtual conferences over the course of the month in December 2020. It will include the same panel sessions that were planned for the in-person planned event. More information...
News[edit | edit source]
- March 2018: WINTREX Award recipient - Dr. Ajay Chandak and Promoters, Researchers and Innovators in New and Clean Energy have received the Gold Prize for their innovation of the Solar Paraboloid Concentrator at the World Invention and Technology (WINTREX) in Indonesia. Dr. Chandak reports this is the same design approach they use for their production solar cookers and industrial concentrators.The team was represented by Mr. Raman from the Indian Innovators Association.
- August 2014: - Herliyani Suharta and A.M. Sayigh have published a comprehensive report detailing solar cooking efforts in Indonesia: Reducing Biomass and Kerosene Used For Cooking in Indonesia, in supporting the global efforts to reduce CO2 Emission
- April 2008: The Indonesian government will remove subsidies on kerosene on April 1st 2008 as the second step in its kerosene to LPG conversion program. The time may be ripe for promoting solar cooking in Indonesia.
- November 2007: Jakarta officials plan to reduce kerosene consumption by distributing 30,000 parabolic solar cookers as part of a Clean Development Mechanism project, according to a recent Jakarta Post article by Adianto P. Simamora. The pilot phase of the project will take place in Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Islands) regency, where sunshine is plentiful. As reported in the article, “Jakarta consumes about 2.7 million liters of kerosene a day. A family using one liter of kerosene per day emits two tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year.” Kerosene is available to consumers at a state-subsidized price of Rp. 2,000 per liter (about $0.22). “The solar cookers will be provided for free by German company EnerXi GMbh to support the city’s attempts to take part in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project,” writes Simamora. Through CDM projects, developing countries can earn Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) based on the resulting amount of CO2 reduction. (One CER is equivalent to one ton of CO2.) To help meet Kyoto Protocol targets, developed countries can then purchase CERs from developing countries. According to the article, the price of one CER is between $5-10. This project is included among Most significant solar cooking projects.
- May 2007: Thirty thousand solar cookers to be sent to Indonesia to cut kerosene use in European CDM project - The Jakarta Post
- December 2006: Alcan is providing innovative solar cookers and pans to 1,000 rural Indonesian families in the country's Banda Aceh region as part of a â‚¬450,000 contribution with Klimaschutz e.V. to a "Clean Development Mechanism" (CDM) project aimed at preserving the environment. The parabolic solar cooker harnesses renewable solar energy, to boil water, killing bacteria and cooking food. It is intended to reduce developing regions' dependence on traditional sources of energy, such as firewood and fossil fuels. "As part of Alcan's commitment to sustainability, the Company is proud to participate in a project that will preserve the environment for future generations, through an innovative product like the solar cooker," said Peter Hutsch, Managing Director, Alcan Singen GmbH, location of the rolling mill at which Alcan manufactures the solar cooker's critical reflector component. "By substituting traditional sources of energy like firewood and fossil fuels with the solar cooker, we estimate that this project will annually save 3,500 tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions. Alcan benefits from the CDM project in the form of CO2 credits, so-called Certified Emission Reductions, within the emission trading system", he added. Klimaschutz e.V. is serving as a partner for the local co-ordination of the so-called "Solar Cooker Project Aceh 1, Indonesia" project, in addition to constructing the solar cookers in Aceh and monitoring their use over the next seven years. The project is the first German CDM-project registered by the United Nations climate office. The CDM project is defined in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, which serves to protect the global climate in a sustainable manner and to promote the transfer of climate-saving techniques from industrial nations to developing countries. "This project once again demonstrates how Alcan's innovative aluminum solutions are well positioned to tackle both environmental and economic challenges," said Christophe Villemin, President, Alcan Specialty Sheet. "The solar cooker's reflector is constructed from Alcan's high-gloss rolled aluminum specialty sheet, Solar SurfaceTM 992, and has a transparent ceramic coating that protects against the weather, corrosion and mechanical damage." Currently, approximately 20,000 cookers are in use around the world and have been used effectively to provide clean water to victims of the 2005 tsunami that devastated Southeast Asia. It has been estimated, that up to 220 million solar cookers will be needed to reduce the dependence on traditional sources of fuel in developing countries. This number of solar cookers could also save approximately 700 - 800 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions.
History[edit | edit source]
The principal promoter of solar cooking in Indonesia, has been a scientist named Herliyani Suharta, associated with the Technical Implementation Unit Energy Technology Laoratory, BPP Technology. Thurough accounts of her activities with solar cooking are provided in papers, which Suharta has written in collaboration with colleagues.
The articles describe the Indonesian Sun Cooking Project, sponsored by Earthwatch in the mid-1990s, in which almost 1,000 local participants were trained in a new technology with the use of over a 100 international volunteers from 11 countries. The local participants have in turn become mentors for others in their own communities. An additional 440 cookers were constructed and cooks trained at the time the article was written. A careful analysis of obstacles and constraints was completed as well, and modifications were made to the project to overcome them. While not entirely clear in the article, it appears that workshop participants were initially taught to make box cookers, which are fairly complex to build. The sheer difficulty of construction created a problem for the program. The government was not very interested in the project and provided no support. Shortages of wood for cooking were not present, so immediate need was not a large factor.
In response to the analysis, a variety of courses were followed. A detailed analysis of fuel usage and its cost was completed, in order to illustrate the potential savings possible by the use of solar cooking, which turned out to be considerable.
At the policy level, an analysis of carbon emissions that could be curtailed was also made. Some attempts were made to utilize the information for more effective dissemination strategies, which included community education programs on the energy saving topic and its application at the household level. Another, was the creation of a "home based worker" mode of delivering the product and training; the solar oven would be available through micro businesses in "kit" form, then assembled and sold by the potential saleswoman. Micro-financing of solar oven purchasing was also suggested.
The same group also did technical work in Indonesia, assessing climatic circumstances carefully and exploring design issues towards enhanced efficiency and lower consumer cost. The Indonesian solar cooking promoter group has remained active and committed to this effort. Other groups have worked in Indonesia, but less information is available.
- Main article: History of solar cooking
Climate and culture[edit | edit source]
In April 2008 the Indonesian government announced the reduction of fuel subsidies and as a result the cost of cooking fuel has risen to double what it was 2 years ago and seems to be headed higher still. As of June, 2008: Kerosene, used for cooking, is up from 700 rupiah per litre to 2,000 rupiah, an increase of 186 per cent.
- Wikipedia article on the climate of Indonesia
- A review of solar energy use in Indonesia - Xains Info
- Indonesia Energy Situation - Energypedia
- A table showing insolation in the various regencies of Indonesia
- Solar cooker dissemination and cultural variables
Resources[edit | edit source]
Possible funders[edit source]
- Find a Kiva microfinance partner in Indonesia.
- Raising funds through grants and donations
- DINARI Foundation
- Tanaoba Lais Manekat Foundation (TLM)
Reports[edit | edit source]
- August 2014: Reducing Biomass and Kerosene Used For Cooking in Indonesia, in supporting the global efforts to reduce CO2 Emission - Herliyani Suharta and A.M. Sayigh
- July 2006: Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) - A Powerful Instrument to Fulfill the United Nations Millennium Development Goals - Experiences, Visions, and Suggestions - Dieter Seifert et al
- July 2006: The Clean Development Mechanism as a Potential Source of Funding for Solar Cooking Projects - Carolyn Luce
- July 2006: Measures to Monitor and Boost the Use Rate of Solar Cookers in Developing Countries - Michael Grupp, et al
- January 2003: Documentation for a solar cooker project in Ache Indonesia that made use of the Clean Development Mechanism
Articles in the media[edit | edit source]
- March 2008: Black carbon pollution emerges as major player in global warming - Scripps Institution of Oceanography
- May 2007: Thirty thousand solar cookers to be sent to Indonesia to cut kerosene use in European CDM project - The Jakarta Post
The entities listed below are either based in Indonesia, or have established solar cooking projects there:
SCI Associates[edit source]
- Main article: Solar Cookers International Association
Manufacturers and vendors[edit source]
Government agencies[edit source]
Educational institutions[edit source]
See also[edit source]
- BPS(2013), “Statistic Indonesia 2013”, published by BPS Jakarta ,Indonesia, May 2013, Table 4.3.5, Table 2.3.2 etc.