Last edited: 6 August 2019
Over 30,000 parabolic solar cookers distributed in Indonesia with CDM funding to reduce kerosene consumption - Jakarta, Indonesia officials plan (2007) to reduce kerosene consumption by distributing 30,000 parabolic solar cookers as part of a Clean Development Mechanism project, according to a recent Jakarta Post article. The pilot phase of the project will take place in Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Islands) regency, where sunshine is plentiful. “Jakarta consumes about 2.7 million liters of kerosene a day. A family using one liter of kerosene per day emits two tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year.” Kerosene is available to consumers at a state-subsidized price of Rp. 2,000 per liter (about $0.22). “The solar cookers will be provided for free by German company EnerXi GMbh to support the city’s attempts to take part in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project.” Solar Cookers Sent to Islands to Cut Kerosene - The Jakarta Post
- NEW: 17-19 March 2022 (Jakarta): 7th SOLARTECH Indonesia - (Rescheduled from 30 September-2 October 2021) to be held at JIExpo Kemayoran Jakarta. More information...
- NEW: 15-17 September 2021: Climate Chance Summit Africa 2021 - Registration is open to attend the virtual 3rd edition of the Climate Chance Africa Summit. Three days of sessions on key themes and sectors of climate action hosted by non-state actors engaged in climate change in Africa. There is no charge for attendance, but registration is required
- NEW: Friday, 17 September 2021 (10:30am CDT, 15:30 GMT): Homeschool program on solar cooking - The Syracuse-Turkey Creek Township Public Library, in Syracuse, Indiana, USA, offers online programs for homeschool students on Fridays at 10:30am. This program is described as learning to build and use a solar cooker. Read more...
- NEW: 5 October 2021: American made solar competition - The U.S. Dept. of Energy is sponsoring a a multi-part competition to spur solar manufacturing, develop innovative solar solutions and products, and create domestic jobs and opportunities through public-private partnerships. The contest is open to U.S. residents, and the final phase is still open for submittals until 5 October 2021. Much of the attention has been with photovoltaic solutions, and this last phase is structured with two tracks that focus separately on hardware and software components. Solar cooking equipment should qualify as hardware solutions. Read more about the competition...
- NEW: 22-26 November 2021: 2nd National Congress for Solar Drying and Cooking Food - An affiliated group of universities in Mexico will host an online conference relating to solar food drying and cooking, as well as, food safety and energy savings realized with minimal environmental impact. Participants can register to view the presentations, or apply for presentation consideration. The conference will be in Spanish. Registration information... - (English version)
- 17-23 December 2021: Solar Cooking Awareness Week (Southern Hemisphere) - A loosely organized bid to acknowledge the fun and benefits of solar cooking. Show someone how to solar cook and share a meal.
- 24-26 January 2022: Fourth International Conference: Advances in Solar Thermal Food Processing - CONSOLFOOD Chairman, Celestino Ruivo, has announced an extended call for abstracts for the upcoming conference in January 2022, which is now planned to be an online event. Advances in solar cooking as well as solar food processing will be considered for inclusion. The event schedule and submission requirements are in CONSOLFOOD 2022 conference information.
- March 2018: WINTREX Award recipient - Dr. Ajay Chandak and Promoters, Researchers and Innovators in New and Clean Energy have received the Gold Prize for their innovation of the Solar Paraboloid Concentrator at the World Invention and Technology (WINTREX) in Indonesia. Dr. Chandak reports this is the same design approach they use for their production solar cookers and industrial concentrators.The team was represented by Mr. Raman from the Indian Innovators Association.
- August 2014: - Herliyani Suharta and A.M. Sayigh have published a comprehensive report detailing solar cooking efforts in Indonesia: Reducing Biomass and Kerosene Used For Cooking in Indonesia, in supporting the global efforts to reduce CO2 Emission
- April 2008: The Indonesian government will remove subsidies on kerosene on April 1st 2008 as the second step in its kerosene to LPG conversion program. The time may be ripe for promoting solar cooking in Indonesia.
- November 2007: Jakarta officials plan to reduce kerosene consumption by distributing 30,000 parabolic solar cookers as part of a Clean Development Mechanism project, according to a recent Jakarta Post article by Adianto P. Simamora. The pilot phase of the project will take place in Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Islands) regency, where sunshine is plentiful. As reported in the article, “Jakarta consumes about 2.7 million liters of kerosene a day. A family using one liter of kerosene per day emits two tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year.” Kerosene is available to consumers at a state-subsidized price of Rp. 2,000 per liter (about $0.22). “The solar cookers will be provided for free by German company EnerXi GMbh to support the city’s attempts to take part in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project,” writes Simamora. Through CDM projects, developing countries can earn Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) based on the resulting amount of CO2 reduction. (One CER is equivalent to one ton of CO2.) To help meet Kyoto Protocol targets, developed countries can then purchase CERs from developing countries. According to the article, the price of one CER is between $5-10. This project is included among Most significant solar cooking projects.
- May 2007: Thirty thousand solar cookers to be sent to Indonesia to cut kerosene use in European CDM project - The Jakarta Post
- December 2006: Alcan is providing innovative solar cookers and pans to 1,000 rural Indonesian families in the country's Banda Aceh region as part of a â‚¬450,000 contribution with Klimaschutz e.V. to a "Clean Development Mechanism" (CDM) project aimed at preserving the environment. The parabolic solar cooker harnesses renewable solar energy, to boil water, killing bacteria and cooking food. It is intended to reduce developing regions' dependence on traditional sources of energy, such as firewood and fossil fuels. "As part of Alcan's commitment to sustainability, the Company is proud to participate in a project that will preserve the environment for future generations, through an innovative product like the solar cooker," said Peter Hutsch, Managing Director, Alcan Singen GmbH, location of the rolling mill at which Alcan manufactures the solar cooker's critical reflector component. "By substituting traditional sources of energy like firewood and fossil fuels with the solar cooker, we estimate that this project will annually save 3,500 tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions. Alcan benefits from the CDM project in the form of CO2 credits, so-called Certified Emission Reductions, within the emission trading system", he added. Klimaschutz e.V. is serving as a partner for the local co-ordination of the so-called "Solar Cooker Project Aceh 1, Indonesia" project, in addition to constructing the solar cookers in Aceh and monitoring their use over the next seven years. The project is the first German CDM-project registered by the United Nations climate office. The CDM project is defined in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, which serves to protect the global climate in a sustainable manner and to promote the transfer of climate-saving techniques from industrial nations to developing countries. "This project once again demonstrates how Alcan's innovative aluminum solutions are well positioned to tackle both environmental and economic challenges," said Christophe Villemin, President, Alcan Specialty Sheet. "The solar cooker's reflector is constructed from Alcan's high-gloss rolled aluminum specialty sheet, Solar SurfaceTM 992, and has a transparent ceramic coating that protects against the weather, corrosion and mechanical damage." Currently, approximately 20,000 cookers are in use around the world and have been used effectively to provide clean water to victims of the 2005 tsunami that devastated Southeast Asia. It has been estimated, that up to 220 million solar cookers will be needed to reduce the dependence on traditional sources of fuel in developing countries. This number of solar cookers could also save approximately 700 - 800 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions.
The principal promoter of solar cooking in Indonesia, has been a scientist named Herliyani Suharta, associated with the Technical Implementation Unit Energy Technology Laoratory, BPP Technology. Thurough accounts of her activities with solar cooking are provided in papers, which Suharta has written in collaboration with colleagues.
The articles describe the Indonesian Sun Cooking Project, sponsored by Earthwatch in the mid-1990s, in which almost 1,000 local participants were trained in a new technology with the use of over a 100 international volunteers from 11 countries. The local participants have in turn become mentors for others in their own communities. An additional 440 cookers were constructed and cooks trained at the time the article was written. A careful analysis of obstacles and constraints was completed as well, and modifications were made to the project to overcome them. While not entirely clear in the article, it appears that workshop participants were initially taught to make box cookers, which are fairly complex to build. The sheer difficulty of construction created a problem for the program. The government was not very interested in the project and provided no support. Shortages of wood for cooking were not present, so immediate need was not a large factor.
In response to the analysis, a variety of courses were followed. A detailed analysis of fuel usage and its cost was completed, in order to illustrate the potential savings possible by the use of solar cooking, which turned out to be considerable.
At the policy level, an analysis of carbon emissions that could be curtailed was also made. Some attempts were made to utilize the information for more effective dissemination strategies, which included community education programs on the energy saving topic and its application at the household level. Another, was the creation of a "home based worker" mode of delivering the product and training; the solar oven would be available through micro businesses in "kit" form, then assembled and sold by the potential saleswoman. Micro-financing of solar oven purchasing was also suggested.
The same group also did technical work in Indonesia, assessing climatic circumstances carefully and exploring design issues towards enhanced efficiency and lower consumer cost. The Indonesian solar cooking promoter group has remained active and committed to this effort. Other groups have worked in Indonesia, but less information is available.
- Main article: History of solar cooking
Climate and culture
In April 2008 the Indonesian government announced the reduction of fuel subsidies and as a result the cost of cooking fuel has risen to double what it was 2 years ago and seems to be headed higher still. As of June, 2008: Kerosene, used for cooking, is up from 700 rupiah per litre to 2,000 rupiah, an increase of 186 per cent.
- Wikipedia article on the climate of Indonesia
- A review of solar energy use in Indonesia - Xains Info
- Indonesia Energy Situation - Energypedia
- A table showing insolation in the various regencies of Indonesia
- Solar cooker dissemination and cultural variables
- Find a Kiva microfinance partner in Indonesia.
- Raising funds through grants and donations
- DINARI Foundation
- Tanaoba Lais Manekat Foundation (TLM)
- August 2014: Reducing Biomass and Kerosene Used For Cooking in Indonesia, in supporting the global efforts to reduce CO2 Emission - Herliyani Suharta and A.M. Sayigh
- July 2006: Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) - A Powerful Instrument to Fulfill the United Nations Millennium Development Goals - Experiences, Visions, and Suggestions - Dieter Seifert et al
- July 2006: The Clean Development Mechanism as a Potential Source of Funding for Solar Cooking Projects - Carolyn Luce
- July 2006: Measures to Monitor and Boost the Use Rate of Solar Cookers in Developing Countries - Michael Grupp, et al
- January 2003: Documentation for a solar cooker project in Ache Indonesia that made use of the Clean Development Mechanism
Articles in the media
- March 2008: Black carbon pollution emerges as major player in global warming - Scripps Institution of Oceanography
- May 2007: Thirty thousand solar cookers to be sent to Indonesia to cut kerosene use in European CDM project - The Jakarta Post
The entities listed below are either based in Indonesia, or have established solar cooking projects there:
- Main article: Solar Cookers International Association
Manufacturers and vendors
- BPS(2013), “Statistic Indonesia 2013”, published by BPS Jakarta ,Indonesia, May 2013, Table 4.3.5, Table 2.3.2 etc.