Last edited: 29 September 2020
|This is a short documentary set in rural Nicaragua that follows Las Mujeres Solares de Totogalpa through their journey toward a sustainable lifestyle.|
Events[edit | edit source]
Online events[edit source]
- NEW: Monday, 2 November 2020 (7-9 p.m. EST, 11 p.m.-1 a.m. GMT): D.A.R.E to Solar Cook - The Physics of Cooking with Sunshine - The Carnegie Science Center is sponsoring a Café Scientifique. Solar advocates Mary Buchenic and Jennifer Gasser will share their experiences promoting the solar cooking STEM curriculum, and Dr. Alan Bigelow, SCI Science Director, will discuss the technical details of solar cooking and incorporating the science of materials and light optics. Participation in the event is free, but pre-registration is required. Registration information
- NEW: 3-6 November 2020: The 5th International Conference on New Energy and Future Energy Systems - A scientific interchange among researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners from around the world. They gather to share their latest achievements, and discuss the possible challenges for current energy and future energy systems. More information...
- NEW: 23 - 27 November 2020: 1er. Congreso Nacional de Secado Solar y Cocción Solar de Alimentos - Presentación en línea de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), en español. Contacto: firstname.lastname@example.org
- December 2020: SWC50 – The Century of Solar - In 1970 solar research pioneers met at the first International Solar Energy Society (ISES) Conference in Melbourne Australia. ISES is commemorating this Conference with a special 50th Anniversary Conference and Display, called the Solar World Congress at 50 (SWC50). The face-to-face conference, originally scheduled for 2-4 December 2020, will be replaced by a series of eight virtual conferences over the course of the month in December 2020. It will include the same panel sessions that were planned for the in-person planned event. More information...
News[edit | edit source]
- July 2016: The S.T.E.V.E.N. Foundation has decided to take a hiatus, and step back from undertaking new projects. They will remain available to share their expertise. Due to the success of the foundation's free distribution of small quantities Mylar reflective material, their supplies have all but been exhausted. They will continue their support of Cornell University students who partner with the women of Las Mujeres Solares de Totogalpa in Nicaragua, as they promote solar cooking with cooker building workshops and operate a solar restaurant. Read more in the S.T.E.V.E.N Foundation Annual Report 2015
- March 2014: How solar energy empowers women, youth in rural Nicaragua - Forty years ago Sabana Grande, a small community in northern Nicaragua, was ravaged by war. Now you will find people sitting under solar-powered lights, eating solar-cooked chicken, and drinking smoothies made by a bicycle-powered blender. Sabana Grande (pop. 2,000), in the mountains of Totogalpa, about 20 miles from the Honduran border, has embraced a solar culture that has transformed the community. Read more...
- December 2013: Adelante Con El Sol: The Solar Women of Totogalpa is a short documentary set in rural Nicaragua that follows a group of women through their journey toward a sustainable lifestyle. The film was created by CalmDog Productions. Watch this excellent twenty-two minute film, and help the producers receive the Audience Choice Award.
- October 2014 Solar Projects Foundation for Nicaraguan Women is awarded the Energy Globe World Award for 2013.
- May 2013: The small Nicaraguan Women’s Solar Project Foundation FUPROSOMUNIC has, since 2006, installed 664 solar cookers in nine municipalities. Solar cooking saves money, reduces deforestation, and is healthier for women than breathing wood smoke. The group focuses on providing the poorest of the poor with stoves discounted as much as 90%, thus requiring an investment on the part of the women of as low as US$20 paid over eight months. The stoves can save about $13USD in wood purchases monthly. The program has already received two awards and has been nominated for the prestigious Global Energy Award. Like other solar cooking programs such as Solar Cookers International, the women construct their own cookers and learn how to use and maintain them under the direction of FUPROSOMUNIC. Solar cookers are useful for other things besides cooking food such as drying fruit and medicinal plants, disinfecting clothing, and purifying water. Some of the women are using the stoves to dry nuts and other products to sell. The foundation was formed through Swiss aid in partnership with a Nicaraguan sociologist. The biggest obstacle for the program is to overcome the initial skepticism of the women. But some are won over by their ability to easily and cheaply prepare traditional dishes, such as came en bajo [a traditional dish based on cooked beef and vegetables], that normally require a great deal of firewood to cook properly. Cooking on cloudy days or after sunset can be done on improved charcoal cookers also promoted by the Foundation. These cookers are efficient and allow for frying, which the solar cooker does not. - The Nicaragua Newsletter
- February 2013: Cornell University students working as the Solar Cooking Team, visited the Solar Women of Totogalpa and Grupo Fenix in March 2012. The project for this year was to design and build versions of cookers intended for easy prefabrication and shipment. The standard cooker design is 30 inches square (exterior), 12 inches high and weighs roughly 60 pounds. It is an effective cooker, but is not easy to ship, especially with its heavy and brittle double glazed top. The team brought two new designs. A main design parameter of the cookers was to be able to use materials readily available in Nicaragua and with methods already understood. The first cooker used wooden framing, fiberglass insulation and sheet metal typical of the cookers produced at the Centro Solar. This cooker weighed about 50 pounds and used Reynolds cooking bags stretched on thin metal frames instead of glass for the top glazing. Both metal cases were hinged to allow easy folding. The cooker was partially disassembled and packed in a cardboard box which was checked onto the airplane for the trip, to prove its transportability. It was reassembled after arrival in Sabana Grande. The second cooker used interior and exterior sheet metal boxes framed with light aluminum angle stock. The boxes were separated by a layer of fiberglass board insulation. The tops of the two metal cases are secured by screws to a rectangular wooden frame, which supported the door/top. The door/top also used cooking bags stretched on thin metal frames as glazing. This cooker weighed approximately 30 pounds and was brought inside a suitcase. Read more at Cornell University Solar Cooker Team visits Nicaragua Spring 2012
History[edit | edit source]
Centro Girasoles Proceso, an organization associated with Bill Lankford's long standing work in Central America, is located in Nicaragua and was active in training women in the construction and use of solar cookers for several years. Ongoing training and follow-up was also provided. In the view of the Proceso groups in the Central American countries, solar cooking is a critical element in the overall process of improvement of life for Central Americans. Centro Girasoles Proceso reported that the cookers were used over 80% of the time once the training and follow-up were completed.
Centro Girasoles Proceso has also worked to educate other groups working in Nicaragua about solar cooking. One of these groups was Grupo Fenix, an organization with the goal to provide a range of renewable energy resources in the country. Through the knowledge shared by Centro Girasoles Proceso, Grupo Fenix developed skills in teaching low-income people how to build simple, effective, and low-cost box cookers. Some ovens built were built in a day and were small and made of scrap cardboard, newspaper, aluminum foil, and plastic. Others took up to a week to construct and were larger and built using wood along with other durable materials. They learned, as many solar promoters do, that follow-up with new trainees is an essential element to ensure longevity of a solar cooking program. Grupo Fenix were also trained in pasteurizing milk and water, sterilization techniques, and how to identity the most efficient solar cookers for particular needs.
Working with Terrasol, a US/Nicaraguan volunteer project, Grupo Fenix also promoted photovoltaic lighting. In addition, they used the abundant rainfall, which feeds streams and rivers, for small-scale generation of electricity to supplement that which comes from the national system, as this often fails before reaching remote rural areas.
Grupo Fenix established a "nano-loan" program in order to assist local people with acquisition of the range of renewable technologies that they provided.
- Main article: History of solar cooking
Climate and culture[edit | edit source]
We came across this paragraph, from a student service learning project, while researching an article for the Solar Cooker Review. The student was working with a solar photo-voltaic company in Nicaragua, where some solar cookers have been introduced. Judging from the description we assume the cookers are large parabolic or box cookers. In any case, this is a good reminder of one reason why solar cookers (especially if they are not the appropriate type for a given population) are not always as readily accepted and used as we promoters would like.
- "A strong example of a renewable energy not working as it was intended was apparent in Nicaragua. Solar ovens were viewed as an answer to women cooking all day in the poorly ventilated and smoke filled kitchens. It was believed that solar cookers would allow the women to not spend as much time in the kitchen as well as eliminate the need to collect wood for the current stoves. The problem lay in the fact that the solar cookers did not fit into the culture appropriately for them to be utilized effectively. The culture of Nicaragua had always dictated that the social center for a woman to meet and talk with friends would always be the kitchen so that they could talk as they worked. Wood burning stoves gave this ability as they required a person to always be around cooking or tending to the fire. With solar cookers, the oven was outside and because food took longer to cook, there was more downtime where the women would end up sitting around in the kitchen anyways. The time to cook a meal with direct sunlight in a solar cooker was usually 50% to 100% longer and a much longer preparation time was necessary, because of this, the solar cookers had to be repositioned so that they were getting the most sun possible. This task was difficult for women who could not move the solar cookers on their own because they were too large, and the number of women, were few who knew how to move them so they would get direct sun. Dinner was served usually when it was dark out, as it is in most cultures, so the food would have to be prepared beforehand and somehow reheated for dinner. Because of these problems, it became apparent solar cookers would not become a technology that would fit well into the culture of rural Nicaragua."
- Wikipedia article on the climate of Nicaragua
- The Sabor Solar Cookbook from Grupo Fenix shows how to cook Nicaraguan foods in a solar cooker: (English version or Spanish version)
- Nicaragua Energy Situation - Energypedia
- Solar cooker dissemination and cultural variables
Resources[edit | edit source]
Possible funders[edit source]
- Find a Kiva microfinance partner in Nicaragua.
- Raising funds through grants and donations
- ADIM (Asociación Alternativa Para el Desarrollo Integral de las Mujeres)
- La Asociacion para el Fomento al Desarrollo Nicaragua (AFODENIC)
- Fundación Leon 2000
Project evaluations[edit | edit source]
- September 2015 (Nicaragua): Análisis critico de la experiencia de la Cooperativa Multisectorial "Mujeres Solares de Totogalpa" - COOMUSOT - Gemma Botica Sevilla
- August 2015 (Nicaragua): ADES report on challenges of solar cooker promotion - Short report by the Association pour le Développement de l'Energie Solaire detailing reasons they have moved away from solar cooking and toward fuel-efficient woodstoves in Madagascar
- Main article: Project evaluations
Reports[edit | edit source]
- January 2017: Low-Budget, High-Empowerment Sustainable Development Model - Susan Kinne
- September 2015: Análisis critico de la experiencia de la Cooperativa Multisectorial "Mujeres Solares de Totogalpa" - COOMUSOT (Nicaragua) - Gemma Botica Sevilla
- July 2014: Edutourism Model Grupo Fenix Lessons Learned - Susan Kinne
- January 1990: Comparative Study of Box-Type Solar Cookers in Nicaragua — Daniel Kammen and William F. Lankford. Published in Solar & Wind Technology
Articles in the media[edit | edit source]
- November 2017: Solar energy ‘like light from heaven’ for rural Nicaragua - Irish Times
- May 2015: Sustainability: Clean cooking empowers women - Nature magazine
- March 2013: Bedford family helps Nicaraguan villagers use solar cooking - Bedford Journal
- January 2013: CU-Boulder biz students visit Nicaragua for hands-on experience with FUPROSOMUNIC - dailycamera, Univ. of Colorado
- July 2010: Nicaraguans Swap Firewood and Fossil Fuels for Solar Energy - Latin American Herald Tribune
- April 2010: Nicaragua Solar Project- We are very happy to be working on a program with the Solar Women of Totogalpa in Nicaragua where we bring a small group of people from North America to a remote village in the Central American highlands. Participants will build a solar oven, take solar cooking classes, and tour local sustainable projects. More information... -World Wide Ecologies
- June 2009: Harnessing Both Sun and Cell Phone to Close Gaps in Local Health Care - Worldchanging
Audio and video[edit | edit source]
- July 2017:
- January 2017:
- October 2014
- July 2014
The entities listed below are either based in Nicaragua, or have established solar cooking projects there:
SCI Associates[edit source]
- Main article: Solar Cookers International Association