Solar Cooking
Last edited: 4 January 2022      
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Kawesa Mukasa, of the Solar Connect Association, reported in July 2017 that they had sold over 250 solar cookers, 100 retained heat cookers, and 250 improved combustion stoves each month. These results have made it possible for the business to be self-sustaining.


  • NEW:  12-14 July 2023 (A Coruña, Spain): CONSOLFOOD2023 - Organizers have released a first call for abstracts to participate in the Fifth International Conference, taking place in Spain in 2023 as an in-person conference. The deadline for submission is 15 December 2022. More submittal information...
See also: Global Calendar of Events and past events in Uganda

Most significant projects[]

The Solar Connect Association store in Mbarara, Uganda. Photo credit: Solar Connect Association


Solar tunnel dryer designed by Bernhard Müller for his partners in Kenya and Uganda Photo credit: Bernhard Müller

  • January 2022: Solar tunnel dryer design for Kenya and Uganda: - Bernhard Müller offered his design skills in helping to create a new solar tunnel dryer for his partners in Kenya and Uganda. A 10W solar panel powers a fan providing air flow, and enables the people who work with the dryer to charge their phones simultaneously.

The solar restaurant at the Hajjat Zam Hotel in Kampala, Uganda - Photo credit: Kawesa Mukasa

  • August 2020: New solar restaurant - The solar restaurant at the Hajjat Zam Hotel located in Kampala, Uganda, is operated by Kawesa Mukasa of the Solar Connect Association, and is now open on a limited basis due to Covid-19.

Esther Nattabi produces and delivers fireless basket cookers during the lockdown in Kampala, Uganda. Photo credit Bernhard Müller

  • June 2020: Fireless cookers for Kampala Uganda: - Esther Nattabi produces and delivers fireless basket cookers during the lockdown in Kampala. She has the Facebook group: fireless cookers /baskets.
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  • December 2019: Solar Cooking KoZon update (text borrowed from Solar Cooking KoZon December 2019 newsletter): In August Solar Cooking KoZon brokered a deal with WISE to co-sponsor the project proposal ‘Clean and Energy Efficient Cooking Program’. The proposal was created after a visit by this group to SCA, with a request for support for their ISC programme. The first step has been made: five ladies from five different communities received basic ISC training at SCA in Biharwe. Each lady received two cooking appliances. The next step would be that the women organise an ISC demonstration day in their own community in order to further scale up. SCK pays for a large part of SCA’s costs, about € 1,000. Triodos Foundation bears the costs of the local WISE organisation, approx. € 2,500.
  • July 2019: Green Day celebration in Kampala - Bernhard Müller reports that Esther Nattabi, an active solar cooking advocate in Uganda, presented solar and fireless cookers at the "Green Day“ organized by the leading NGO Joint Energy and Environment Project in Kampala on Saturday, July 27th. Photo credit: Bernhard Müller

GoSol has introduced a community solar oven in Gulu, Uganda. - Photo credit: GoSol

  • October 2018: Community solar baking oven commissioned in Gulu -  A new solar array style oven has been installed by Lorin Symington of GoSol reports the new oven is capable of baking 30-35 kg of bread per day. GoSol has trained 12 local youths from Smart-up Factory, a local NGO, in operating the oven. More information...

Acceptance of the Haines 2.0 Solar Cooker evaluated at Ugandan refugee camps. Photo credit: Roger Haines

  • July 2018: Haines Cooker evaluation - Solar Household Energy has joined with a number of organizations to evaluate acceptance of the Haines 2.0 Solar Cooker in refugee camps in Northern Uganda. Partners include the Rotary Clubs of San Diego, California, USA and Gulu, Uganda, the Alliance for African Assistance, African Refugee Education Project, Solar Connect Association, and the U-Touch Technology Center. Last April, eight Rotarians, including SHE board member Roger Haines, traveled to northern Uganda to demonstrate the cooker. The Alliance for African Assistance will produce the cookers in Gulu, and hopes to scale up to make more cookers available in northern Uganda.

Workshop participants gather at 2018 AfriShiners in Kampala, Uganda. Photo credit: AfriShiners

Roger Haines meets with the Alliance for African Assistance to discuss distributing solar cookers in Uganda. Photo credit: Roger Haines

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The Solar Connect Association store in Mbarara, Uganda. Photo credit: Solar Connect Association

  • March 2017: The Solar Connect Association reports: "If you are going to western Uganda to visit Queen Elizabeth National Park, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest for Mountain Gorilla tracking, the SCA is located nine miles away on Mbarara-Masaka Highway from Mbarara at the Biharwe trading center just opposite the Igongo Country Hotel and Cultural Museum. Their building is just opposite the gate of the hotel. Many tourists also stop there for lunch and sightseeing. They have a Renewable Energy Center Building there selling and displaying solar cookers and other energy saving stoves Monday through Saturday from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m."
  • January 2017: Solar Cooking KoZon reports: A very prominent project right now is the Nakivale refugee camp. It is located in South West Uganda in the Isingiro district. Approximately 60,000 refugees from neighbouring countries live in the Nakivale camp and have lived there for many years. Our programme, in cooperation with other organisations, contributes to better living conditions. The project objectives have been set down in a Memorandum of Understanding and its formal launch was held on Thursday, 22 September 2016. The kickoff took place in a celebratory mood in the presence of the district governor and the camp commander. This is a 12-month project, a period during which at least 1,000 Solar CooKits will be supplied. The refugees will thus have access to solar cooking tools. At the same time a group of about 20 people received training in the use and upkeep of CooKits, hay baskets, WAPIs and eco stoves. The "instructor" represent their village(s) and will in turn pass on their knowledge to others.
  • November 2016: Makerere Students Assemble 'Made in Uganda' Solar Cooker - A solar cooker was unveiled last week at this year's annual general technology innovation exhibition organised by the College of Engineering, Design, Art and Technology (CEDAT), Makerere University. Dan Maire, the group leader, says they decided to pursue the idea of making a solar cooker last year. With everything needed in place, the group went on to assemble 80 units of solar cookers in July based on the Blazing Tube Solar design. Read more...

Training instructors at the Nakivale Refugee Settlement.

  • September 2016: The Solar Connect Association (SCA) visited the Nakivale Refugee Settlement in Uganda where they met with the Assistant Camp Commander, Mr. Kintu Khalid. SCA instructors trained 20 people from different villages to be instructors themselves. The training dealt with solar CooKits, Water Pasteurization Indicators, Heat-retention cooking, improved combustion stoves, and the maintenance of same. Continued efforts at Nakivale, and also at the Oruchinga Refugee Settlement, will be the priority for SCA in 2017. At Nakivale, SCA is currently working with the Julu camp that has about 22,000 refugees. They have distributed 60 solar cookers and 14 improved combustion stoves. In the Oruchinga Refugee Settlement, they have distributed 70 solar cooker cookers and 12 improved combustion stoves. SCA plans to sell 1,000 solar cookers in the two settlements by end of August 2017. Solar Cooking KoZon has contributed additional funding to help with the projects at Nakivale and Oruchinga.
  • September 2016: The Solar Connect Association reports: "We had a staff meeting with the key players of manufacturing in Biharwe. We kicked off the project in the Oruchinga Refugee Settlement with the presence of the district governor, camp commander, and the project leader Mr. Buyinga Boaz. Additional information was handed over and demonstrations were made for many people. A local radio station broadcast an interview with one of our team members."

The Solar Cooking The Netherlands - KoZon organization with the Solar Connect Association conducted demonstrations with parabolic solar cookers and hay baskets in the Isingiro district of Uganda. Photo credit: Solar Cooking KoZon

Camily Wedende leads a training for future trainers.

  • April 2016: Training future trainers of solar cookingCamily Wedende, group leader of Eldoret Student Projects in Eldoret, Kenya, and member of Rotary Club of Eldoret, leads a Train-the-Trainers Workshop for the Rotary Club of Gulu, Uganda. The Uganda Rotary Club is preparing to distribute 500 Haines Solar Cookers in northern Uganda and is learning more about solar cooking from Camily's years of experience building, teaching, and cooking with solar.

The Renewable Energy Centre.

  • January 2016: Since 2007 Wilde Ganzen and Solar Cooking The Netherlands - KoZon have supported the Solar Cooking project in Uganda, implemented by Solar Connect Association (SCA). In mid-2013 a business plan was decided on, including a schedule of Integrated Solar Cooking (ISC) activities during the following five years. In the course of 2014 it became clear that the objective of financial independence had been achieved. The business expanded from Mbarara in the South West. In 2014 construction of a Renewable Energy Centre with larger ISC production, training, and distribution facilities was started with financial support from Wilde Ganzen and SCN-KoZon. In its beautiful location on the main road between Uganda, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Rwanda, the building, fitted out with solar panels, is ready to continue and expand its activities. In short, SCA is the owner of a social Solar Cooking business for the production, marketing, and sale of solar and other energy-saving cooking appliances. The small Solar Cooking enterprise is doing well. In 2014 it sold 5,460 CooKit sets, 2,540 hay baskets and 5,040 wood-saving cooking appliances. A promising development. In the year ahead solar lamps and very small solar panels will be sold as well. SCA is investigating which other energy-friendly appliances could best be marketed and included in the assortment of clean energy cooking appliances. In the coming years serious efforts will be made as well to expand the market into other regions in Uganda.

Katherine Russell with Nakawooya Victoria, 5, outside Nazareth Children’s Home in Nyendo, Uganda. Photo credit: The Summerville Journal of Science

  • September 2015: Katherine Russell, a 21-year-old woman from Summerville, South Carolina, USA, is working to bring solar cookers to the Nazareth Children’s Home in Nyendo, Uganda. After her initial visit to Uganda in 2014, Katherine met John Martin, who lives in Walterboro, South Carolina, and is an experienced solar cooker builder. Katherine and John have held workshops to build solar cookers in South Carolina and plan to distribute them to the Nazareth Children’s Home along with pots, pot holders, and oven bags in 2016. Read more...

Faustine Odaba (Mama Solar) explains the use of a CooKit solar cooker in Uganda.

  • February 2015: "Mama Solar" celebrates 20 years of spreading solar cooking in East Africa - To mark 20 years of work to disseminate solar cooking in Africa, Faustine Odaba, Director of Natural Resources and Waste Management Alliance (NAREWAMA), traveled to Uganda for 10 days to give presentations on solar cookers, fireless cookers, and gasifiers. Esther Nattabi of Awamu Biomass Energy, Kampala, assisted Faustine with the presentations.
  • January 2015: The Solar Connect Association continues to increase its sales of Integrated Solar Cooking (ISC) products. The objective is to distribute 10,000 ISC cooking appliances per year. This includes parabolic reflectors! SCA operates independently from SCN. New construction in Biharwe continues to be delayed. SCN is sponsoring this new construction. HoAREC works together with six NGOs on the construction of 20 centres. In six of the 20 centres, CooKits, hay baskets, and WAPIs will be produced. Nine centres have been completed of which six are ready to start. Fikirte Regassa, SCN's representative at HoAREC is making tremendous efforts in assisting the work of the NGOs. This includes training sessions that she organises in the provinces where the centres will soon start production and sales. She also carries out many coordination tasks. Awara Amba has now produced enough ISC products to start focusing on sales. NGO ORDA is currently finalising its advisory tasks, including the organisation of a meeting with all Awara Amba authorities that will in future support the market development efforts.
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A number of small- and medium-scale projects have been initiated in Uganda, a country frequently touted as making good development progress, economically and politically.

Welfare Society for Disabled People

Several small projects were started by organizations serving disabled persons. One, led by Amos Byakagaba, coordinator of the Welfare Society for Disabled People, arranged demonstrations of several solar cooker types held at various public locations. They targeted 23,000 families in Uganda as appropriate for training in the use of solar cookers.[1] A similar organization, Disabled Technicians of Uganda, also conducts workshops to introduce solar cooking within the country (Solar Cooker Review, September 1997).


Another project included the efforts of UltraTech, a company selling Global Sun Ovens, with plans to collaborate in manufacturing when demand was sufficient.

Creative Center of Mbale

The Creative Center of Mbale, has taught many people to make and use solar cookers in the Mbale Solar Cooking Project.

Solar Connect Association

Substantial momentum appears to have occurred in this country with the creation of a national promotional group, the Solar Connect Association (SCA), headquartered in the Kampala area. This group, in existence since 1994, reported in 2003 that they had taught 20,000 persons to solar cook and had produced 10,000 solar cookers by that time. They even recruited and trained employees of the Virunga National Park Environment Project, located in Democratic Republic of the Congo, home of the famous mountain gorillas. SCA has utilized solar box cookers and also has assisted in the distribution of the parabolic cookers of EG Solar in Germany. The most commonly used through the 2000s was the real "workhorse," the inexpensive cardboard CooKit that can be made by individuals from inexpensive materials. In 2004, 1,161 new trainees were reported, with 1,354 various types of cookers made. Efforts continue to be made to find other more durable solar cooker options. The solar devices are not only used to feed households, they are also employed in income-generating activities, including baking cakes and bread, canning fruits, and pasteurizing water. The group's leader, Kawesa Mukasa, credits the work to his meeting Ulrich Oehler, a legendary figure in solar cooking and the founder of the ULOG group, in Switzerland.

Health Technology Development Centre

The Health Technology Development Centre of the Ministry of Health of that nation reported successful use of solar cookers as sterilizers, as well as cooks in hospital and health centers. They also developed a pasteurizer for use in purifying water for hospital use.

Oruchinga Refugee Settlement

In 2002 it was noted that in the villages of Kikokwa, Ruharo, Biharwe, and Oruchinga Refugee Settlement in Mbarara in western Uganda, women trained by Solar Connect Association used solar cookers quite frequently in the dry season, and even during the rainy season when the sun came out.

Archived articles

Climate and culture[]

Solar Cookers International has rated Uganda as the #8 country in the world in terms of solar cooking potential (See: The 25 countries with the most solar cooking potential). The estimated number of people in Uganda with fuel scarcity but ample sun in 2020 is 7,500,000.

In rural areas, access to energy services remains very poor as the appropriate mechanisms are still missing. Only 5% of the rural population is connected to an electricity supply and 93% still rely on biomass for cooking.[1]

See also


Possible funders[]

Facebook groups[]


Articles in the media[]

Audio and video[]

  • October 2018: 
  • January 2017:
  • January 2012:
  • January 2010:


The entities listed below are either based in Uganda, or have established solar cooking projects there:

SCI Associates[]


Manufacturers and vendors[]


Government agencies[]

Educational institutions[]

See also[]