Last edited: 19 April 2017      

Water distillation can be used to obtain safe water to drink using solar energy. Often this involves removing the salt from seawater, which makes up over 95% of the water on the planet, but is also useful in removing contaminants and disease-causing organisms. Most approaches use an evaporation technique. The water is first evaporated, it then condenses and is recaptured as fresh water. Several systems are now using the sun's energy for the evaporation.

Eliodomestico Solar StillEdit

A compact solar still example, is the Eliodomestico Solar Still.

Eliodomestico Solar Still schematic

The still heats either salty or dirty water in the upper chamber, steam is created, and fresh water condenses and collects in the lower chamber of the Eliodomestico Solar Still.

SunDwater distillation systemEdit

SunDwater distillation system, 4-17-13

SunDwater distillation system

An Israeli company, SunDwater has developed a system capable of 400 liters (104 gal.) of fresh water each sunny day, which uses a four sq. meter parabolic solar reflector to concentrate a high temperature focus on the seawater vessel. New water is constantly pumped back into the closed system as the water evaporates.


Watercone solar still diagram

Watercone solar still

A simple inexpensive, and mobile device for solar potable water generation from sea water or brackish water based on condensation. With a base diameter of 80 cm (31.5 in), the still is reported to be able to condense roughly one liter of water per day. Read more...

Watercone® for Google Project 10^100

Watercone® for Google Project 10^100

Very low-tech distillationEdit

Simple Distiller-SmartlivingshopperDOTcom


Audio and videoEdit

  • March 2017: 
Homemade Solar water filter - Simple Life hack

Homemade Solar water filter - Simple Life hack

Articles in the mediaEdit


See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

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